The Eurasian Federation is the second largest and powerful nation in the Earth Alliance.
Its territory spans those of the Europe (excluding Great Britain, Ireland and the Scandinavian Peninsula), the Russian Federation and the Middle East. The Eurasian Federation resents its inferior position to the Atlantic Federation, its long time rival. Although the Federations are allied against PLANT, their animosity simmers and it hinders their ability to work well with each other. The Eurasian Federation is lead by the Chancellor. Berlin is the capital city of the Federation and its military headquarter is located in the Moscow Kremlin.
Military Headquarters: Moscow Kremlin
Chief of State: Chancellor
Major Cities: Berlin, Moscow, Paris, Rome, Madrid, Brussels, Copenhagen, Amsterdam, Athens, Lisbon, Warsaw, Prague, Baghdad, Istanbul, Tehran, Riyadh, Astana, Kabul, Vladivostok
As a descendent of the European Union, the Eurasian Federation is the oldest modern union of nations. While the Union was formed as a collaboration with European nations in order to prevent another World War, the Federation was a significant expansion. The initial formation of the Federation began when the European Union and the Russian Federation united in response to the formation of the Atlantic Federation. While the transition with former enemies was anything but smooth, the military assets, natural resources, technological know-how, and manpower of the Russian Federation greatly boosted the already strong technological and economic strengths of the Union. Later, the Eurasian Federation moved in and declared the Middle-East a Federated Occupation Zone with the justification that the centuries-old unstable region was a threat to the Federation and other neighbouring nations, especially after the vicious Islamic Civil Strife, which was a region-wide conflict between fundamentalist and extremist Muslims. With the Middle East under control by the Federation, they could begin to consolidate their resources.
The initial rivalry the Eurasian Federation and the Atlantic Federation could be attributed to the political and economic competition between the old EU and the former United States of America. However, this particular rivalry was good-natured and encouraged both sides of the Atlantic Ocean to improve their economic strengths and technological innovations. However, the Eurasian Federation began to feel threatened at the Atlantic Federation’s massive growth after its formation. Their relationship turned hostile, resulting in the implementation of numerous trade restrictions against each other at the expense of their exporting industries. The hostilities nearly ended up as a true shooting war, but luckily moderates from both Federations and intervention by the United Nations managed to broker for peace and removed all of the trade restrictions. But both Federations still remained wary of each other and their rivalry continued in conjunction with such accomplishments like the Gibraltar mass driver.
Prior to the formation of the Earth Alliance, the Federation learns about the early stages of development for mobile weapons by the Atlantic Federation. The Eurasian Federation quickly follows suit, as they started their own research and development into mobile weapons and other weapons technologies.
With the onset of the First Valentine War, the Eurasian Federation reluctantly joined the Earth Alliance; as they ended up as allies with the Atlantic Federation. Then after the Junius Seven massacre, many Eurasian Federation citizens were horrified at the attack and several moderates began to question their uneasy alliance with the radically anti-Coordinator Atlantic Federation. But the Federation had other things to worry about with the onset of ZAFT's Operation Uroboros. The government struggled to recover after the deployment of Neutron Jammers, but by the time they did, hundreds of thousands of people perished in the ensuing chaos due to the deprivation of nuclear energy.
Then ZAFT forces moved some of their naval assets to the Mediterranean where they battled against the Federation's Mediterranean fleet. However, the Federation's fleet was overwhelmed by the ZAFT's naval fleet and lost at the Battle of Casablanca. This was followed by yet another loss as the Eurasian Federation's vaunted linear tank corps were routed at the Battle of Suez. The Federation was forced to pull back some of their forces at other locations on Earth to reinforce their local defences, given that ZAFT could press in from both the Middle East and the Mediterranean.
Realizing the potentially immense cost of the war for all sides, the Federation began to take the stance of ending the war as soon as possible, rather than pursue a crusade of total extermination of Coordinators, unlike the Atlantic Federation. This was especially true since the Federation already was accepting of Coordinators long before the start of the war. It was around this time when the Federation began to deploy some of their new, key technologies, such as the Lightwave Barrier used for their Artemis station and with the Hyperion series of mobile suits to follow later on. However, they did not fare well for the rest of the war starting with the destruction of the Artemis station by ZAFT. This particular defeat was ironic given the fact that ZAFT utilized the stolen Atlantic Federation’s GAT-X series of mobile suits to destroy the station.
Later, the Earth Alliance shifted some of its military assets around. Part of this shift involved putting the main Eurasian Fleet and personnel to the defence of the JOSH-A base, the central Earth alliance headquarters. Though suspicious, the Federation accepted the prestigious post. But it became apparent after both Eurasian and ZAFT forces were wiped out by the Cyclops system installed below JOSH-A that the move was meant to consolidate the Atlantic Federation's power, backed by Blue Cosmos. Appalled at the act but helpless due to the immense loss, the Eurasian Federation had no choice but to step back from the war to use what remaining forces they had left to defend themselves.
After the war, the Federation focused on reconstruction. They also began to make overtures to their other allies, such as the Republic of East Asia and the South African Union, hoping to gain more influence among the Alliance. These efforts were rendered moot after the Junius Seven colony drop and the chaos that followed. As they reeled from the damage taken, including the complete destruction of several cities, they reluctantly cooperated with the Atlantic Federation once more, but discontent over that decision rose among the Federation’s population.
With the ongoing battles across space and from Suez to Gibraltar, the integrity of the Eurasian Federation began to break down. Finally, several countries in Western Eurasia seceded from the Federation, including former Germany, which contained the Federation’s capital of Berlin. After the secession, they allied with ZAFT, who immediately sent in military support to ward off any Alliance reprisals. However, this support was insufficient against the overwhelming response as the Alliance used the massive mobile armor GFAS-X1 Destroy to literally raze several major cities in the seceded Eurasian sectors.
Even the lingering pro-Alliance sectors of the Eurasian Federation were appalled at the devastation wrought by the powerful war-machine. After the destruction of the Destroy, pro-Alliance factions sent in relief and opened negotiations to reunite the Federation. The reunification effort was accelerated after the revelation of LOGOS. The entire Eurasian Federation broke off from the Earth Alliance and government officials persecuted LOGOS members and allowed the angry populace to hand their own verdict.
This was followed by the full cooperation of the Eurasian Federation's fleets in Operation Ragnarok, as they joined a coalition of ZAFT and EA forces against LOGOS. But with the sudden deployment of five Destroy units, a significant number of Earth Alliance vessels from all nations, including the Eurasian Federation, were wiped out in seconds. With the bulk of its terrestrial forces wiped out, they were forced to sit on the sidelines until the signing of the PEACE Treaty.
While the Federation was unhappy that ZAFT got to keep the Gibraltar base, they conceded in the hope for a lasting peace. The early post-war years focused on reparations and reparations to the cities devastated by both the Junius Seven colony drop and the Destroy's raze. Also, proactive talks between the European nations and the Middle East began, resulting in reforms such as the removal of the Occupation Zone and policies that would prevent oppression of the local people. Afterwards, by the late CE 70s into the early 80s, the Federation resumed its focus on technological innovation in both civilian and military applications. With this renewed fervour and the absence of support of outside organizations to the Atlantic Federation, the Eurasian Federation hopes to finally reach equal standings with their long-time rival.
Individual nations are run by their own individual governments, most of which are some form of democracy. Each leader is part of the Eurasian Federation Council, which serves as the central government. The Council selects several candidates, which in turn participate in elections. Whoever is chosen becomes Chancellor of the Eurasian Federation. The Chancellor is also the head of the Council as well. Because of this system of governments within a government, Chancellors are never elected in the same period of time as local government elections. While the European nations, including Russia, held the most influence before and during the two Bloody Valentine Wars, reforms were made to provide significantly more equal representation for its Middle East member states as well.
The Eurasian Federation has significant military assets on Earth and in space. With both naval and space fleets, the Federation’s numbers equal that of the Atlantic Federation. With the reconstructed New Artemis station, equipped with an improved Lightwave Barrier system and enhanced sensors, they created a strong presence out in space once more. While it originally had its famed linear tank corps, the introduction of mobile suits forced the Eurasian Federation into manufacturing and integrating the suits into the military. Rumors have risen regarding the additional retrofitting of mobile suits with unique Federation technologies, but none of these rumors have been proven.